Maduro speaks to supporters. Screenshot, video telesur TV
The power struggle for the sudanese country is taking place on many levels – and is far from being decided
The war over venezuela is in full swing – and so far it is being waged primarily psychologically. Just over a week after his so far unsuccessful takeover, the self-proclaimed "interim president" juan guaido daily new messages with which he tries to prove the alleged growth of his supporter base.
President maduro, meanwhile, appeared before hundreds of thousands of supporters on saturday and accused those parts of the opposition that back guaido of trying to organize a coup with the help of the united states. His counterparts do not make it too difficult for him in this respect.
They performed under a giant projected U.S. Flag at a parallel gross-out demonstration saturday in affluent eastern caracas, cheering open threats of violence by U.S. Representatives against the incumbent government of the south american country. Nevertheless, even in the second week after guaido’s attempted self-inthronement, the battle for venezuela is far from decided.
Even though venezuela is the target, the dispute is being waged primarily on the international stage. Mexico, uruguay and the caribbean community (caricom) invite to montevideo in a few days for a mediation conference. The association of states is thus positioning itself – largely ignored by the western press – against right-wing governments of the so-called lima group, which immediately sided with guaido after his self-proclamation.
Meanwhile, representatives of guaido, with the support of some U.S. Congressmen, the white house and diplomats, continued their international campaign from washington with the aim of overthrowing the maduro government. Carlos vecchio, who has been designated by the U.S. Government as a "business leader" the "message" venezuela’s recognized in washington called dialogue with maduro a waste of time. Instead, prere must be built up on the straben, from the national assembly and from international allies.
The diplomatic war
The USA plays a central role in this. U.S. Secretary of state mike pompeo had brought supporters in the region into line during a tour after the ceremony marking the amption of office by brazil’s far-right president jair bolsonaro. Since then, vice president mike pence and national security advisor john bolton have been giving the "interim president" in venezuela with all their might.
The majority of EU countries also support the line of donald trump’s U.S. Administration. Germany, france, great britain and spain, in particular, are advocating the recognition of the opposition parliamentary leader as counter-president. Here, however, a second look shows: the opinion picture is by no means uniform. According to diplomats in brussels, greece, austria and italy have expressed their opposition to the recognition of guaido. Sweden at least has expressed a need for further talks.
UN secretary general antonio guterres through his spokesman estephane dujarric loved to say that the world organization continues to recognize president maduro as head of state. Dujarric was responding to a letter from guaido asking for humanitarian aid for the country.
He said the united nations is ready, "to strengthen its humanitarian and development activities in venezuela", states in a reply. But for that, the UN needs "the consent and cooperation of the government". Recognition of governments is not a task of the UN secretary-general, but of the member states, he said. He is guided by the decisions of the general assembly and the security council, guterres said.
Earlier, the 15 caribbean states of caricom had unanimously rejected the U.S.-backed counter-president. U.S. Auben secretary pompeo had failed in the washington-dominated organization of american states with a request to that effect. In the UN security council, russia, china, south africa, bolivia, cuba and other states love the U.S. With a motion to recognize guaido.
The financial war
An important element in the U.S. Campaign to overthrow president maduro’s government is the financial blockade. Earlier this week, the U.S. Government imposed sanctions on venezuelan state oil company petroleos de venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA). The measures were aimed at freezing the company’s assets and blocking payments to the maduro government.
This mainly involves funds for venezuelan crude oil processed in U.S. Refineries. The sanctions essentially block venezuela’s access to the U.S. Market. Because despite all the significant diplomatic problems since the beginning of the bolivarian revolution 20 years ago, the U.S. Has always remained one of PDVSA’s best customers.
According to U.S. National security advisor bolton, the venezuelan government is denied about seven billion U.S. Dollars in PDVSA assets and about eleven billion U.S. Dollars in revenue. At the same time, the USA is careful not to harm its own companies. US energy companies such as chevron, schlumberger limited, baker hughes, weatherford international will be able to continue their operations in venezuela in joint ventures with PDVSA for the time being.
According to unconfirmed sources, the british government did not agree to the transfer of venezuela’s gold reserves to the bank of england. The value of these reserves amounts to 1.2 billion US dollars. Representatives of the central bank of venezuela are said to have made repeated unsuccessful requests for payment of the funds.
According to the times, the british government argued with the existing corruption in the country "existing corruption" in venezuela and the "lack of legitimacy" of the venezuelan government and the country’s institutions. The venezuelan government has announced legal action against U.S. Sanctions and the freezing of funds in foreign accounts.